Country Profile

Country Profile - Togo

Country Profile of Togo

French Togoland became Togo in 1960. General Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler in 1967, is Africa's longest-serving head of state. Despite the facade of multiparty elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government continues to be dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967. In addition, Togo has come under fire from international organizations for human rights abuses and is plagued by political unrest. Most bilateral and multilateral aid to Togo remains frozen.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

Capital: Lome

Head of State: President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 May 2005);
Head of government: Prime Minister Kwesi Seleagodji AHOOMEY-ZUNU (since 23 July 2012)

Independence: 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

Population : 7,154,237 (July 2013 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.73% (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups: native African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 51%, Christian 29%, Muslim 20%

Languages: French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Natural Resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

Currency: Franc CFA Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)

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