Country Profile

Country Profile - Tunisia

Country Profile of Tunisia

Following independence from France in 1956, President Habib BOURGUIBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In recent years, Tunisia has taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to diffuse rising pressure for a more open political society.

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

Capital: Tunis

Head of State: Interim government (following uprisings in 2011) note: Tunisia's interim government was appointed in December 2011 and will remain in power pending drafting of a new constitution and holding of general elections in 2013

chief of state: President Moncef MARZOUKI (since 12 December 2011)

head of government: Prime Minister Ali LAAREYDH (since 27 February 2013)

cabinet: selected by the prime minister and approved by the Constituent Assembly
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: president elected by Constituent Assembly; election last held on 12 December 2011(next to be held in 2013); prime minister appointed by the president

Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)

Population: 10,835,873 (July 2013 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.95% (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religions:  Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt

Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND)

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