Country Profile

Country Profile - Malawi

Country Profile of Malawi

Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964 and the first president was Kamuzu Banda. After three decades of one-party rule, the country held multiparty elections in 1994 under a provisional constitution, which took full effect the following year. Bakili Muluzi became president after Kamuzu Banda. National multiparty elections were held again in 1999.

Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia

Capital: Lilongwe

Head of State: President Joyce Hilda Banda (April 2012)

Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)

Population  (million): 16,777,547 (July 2013 est.)

Population growth rate 2.74% (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European

Languages: English (official), Chichewa (official), other languages important regionally

Religions: Protestant 55%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 3%, other 2%

Currency: Kwacha

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