Country Profile

Country Profile - Liberia

Country Profile Of Liberia

Seven years of civil strife were brought to a close in 1996 when free and open presidential and legislative elections were held. The elections resulted in President TAYLOR holding strong executive power with no real political opposition. The years of fighting coupled with the flight of most businesses have disrupted formal economic activity. A still unsettled domestic security situation has slowed the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war-torn country. In 2001, the UN imposed sanctions on Liberian diamonds along with an army embargo and a travel ban on government officials for Liberia's support of the rebel insurgency in Sierra Leone.

Head of State: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Capital: Monrovia
Independence: 26 July 1847
Population: 3,989.703( July 2013 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.56 % (2013 est.)

Nationality: noun: Liberian(s) adjective: Liberian

Ethnic groups: indigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)

Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%

Languages: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence

Natural Resources: iron ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower

Currency: Liberian Dollar

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