Country Profile

Country Profile Swaziland

Country Profile of Swaziland

Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s have pressured the monarchy (one of the oldest on the continent) to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy.

Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

Head of State: King Mswati III

Capital: Mbabane

Population: 1,403.362 ( July 2013 )

Population growth rate: 1.17 % (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%

Languages: English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

Religions: Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%

Independence: 6 September 1968 (from UK)

Currency: lilangeni

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