Country Profile

Country Profile - Congo

Country Profile of Congo

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government installed in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President SASSOU-NGUESSO.

Head of State: H.E. President Denis Sassou-Nguesso (since October 1997)

Capital: Brazzaville
Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon
Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)

Population: 4,492,689 million (July 2013)
Population growth rate: 2.86% (2013 est.)

Nationality: noun: Congolese (singular and plural) adjective: Congolese or Congo

Ethnic group: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
note: Europeans estimated at 8,500, mostly French, before the 1997 civil war; may be half that in 1998, following the widespread destruction of foreign businesses in 1997

Religions: Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%

Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo has the most users)

Natural Resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower

Currency: Franc CFA

 

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