Country Profile

Country Profile - Botswana

Country Profile of Botswana

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. The economy, one of the most robust on the continent, is dominated by diamond mining. The country is democratically ruled, boasts a growing economy and a stable political environment. Botswana has some of Africa's last great wildernesses including the famous Okavango Swamps and the Kalahari desert. Botswana is the largest exporter of gemstone diamonds in the world as well as a large beef exporter to the European Economic Community.

Head of State: Mokgweetsi Masisi

Area (‘000 sq. km): 582

Capital: Gaborone

Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

Independence: 30 September 1966 (from UK)

2,127,825 (July 2013 est.)
Population growth rate:   
1.35% (2013 est.)

Nationality: noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)  adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic Group: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Religions: indigenous beliefs 85%, Christian 15%

Languages: English (official), Setswana

Natural Resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Currency: Pula

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