Country Profile

Country Profile - Niger

Country Profile of Niger

Not until 1993, 35 years after independence from France, did Niger hold its first free and open elections. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency in the north. Coups in 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule by December 1999.

Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

Head of State: President ISSOUFOU Mahamadou (since 7 April 2011)
head of government: Prime Minister Brigi RAFINI (since 7 April 2011); appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities with the president

Capital: Niamey

Population: 16,899,327 (July 2013 est.)

Population growth rate:3.32% (2013 est.)

Ethnic groups: Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates

Languages: French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Religion: Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christian

Independence: 3 August 1960 (from France)

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States.

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